RALEIGH-DURHAM, N.C. (BP) - There was a time when the question of church membership was not much of a question at all. Jump back a generation or two, and nearly every church in the country had a roster of members.
Now however, the question is much more persistent. Many contemporary churches have membership but do not place much emphasis on it. Others do not have membership at all, encouraging their people to get involved and engaged without a more formal process.
So, should believers join their local church as members? When one looks at Scripture, he or she will not find the word "membership." But, that is not much of an argument against membership, since the word "Trinity" is not in the Bible either.
The concept is there, though. The core concept of membership is having a covenant community where you belong. Believers can see that concept evidenced in multiple places in Scripture.
In 1 Corinthians 5, the apostle Paul mentions a case of removing someone from the body of believers, which implies a formal category. In Acts 6, the believers have an election, again implying an "in/out" category. And, 1 Timothy 5:3–16 offers a clear teaching on how to handle widows in the church. That passage even contains language of creating a roster so the leaders would be able to care for these women well.
The New Testament writers never say, "You need to become a member of the local church." But, every letter in the New Testament assumes that believers are an active part of a local church gathering.
Those writers give instruction on submission to church authority, how believers ought to handle sin within the church and the elders' responsibility to shepherd the flock under their care (1 Corinthians 5, Hebrews 13:17, Acts 20:28). If believers are to take those commands seriously, they must be joined to a local body to know who their leaders are.
In my experience, many people resist joining the church because they approach the church with a consumer mindset. They do not want to belong. They do not want expectations placed on them. They want to receive something. It may be a good something - biblical teaching, for instance. But, their overall approach is consumeristic.
I am not always opposed to consumer relationships. They are fine if a person is talking about fast food. But apply that kind of thinking to relationships like one’s marriage or children, and major problems will arise.
The church is not a consumer relationship. The church is a family. And, families are committed to each other. The biblical metaphor that shows this most clearly is that of being "one body" (1 Corinthians 12). Imagine your physical body with "non-committed" body members. What good is a hand if it is not actually connected to the rest of you?
It is just as silly for Christians to think they can follow Christ without engaging in the life of the local church body. How do you use your gifts and experience the gifts of others if not in the local community? How do you fulfill the "one another" commands of Scripture unless you are, well, with one another?
Generally, though, when I encounter someone who is reluctant to join a church, the issues aren't predominantly theological or ideological. They are usually more a combination of preference and personal history. Those of us in ministry should be sensitive to that, but we can also help disciple our people by letting them know that it is a categorically good thing for them to become members.
For instance, I frequently have conversations like this with college students. They are plugged into their college ministry, relatively involved in church, and just don't see much need to join.
But rather than bashing them with guilt ("Jesus died so you could join His church! Don't spurn His sacrifice!"), I try to remind them that the local church is a tremendous gift. In the local church, college students can find multi-dimensional discipleship and be led by elders whose very role is to shepherd them. In the local church, college students can practice love and service in ways that set them up for a lifetime of faithfulness. If you are hesitant to join a local church because it's full of imperfect people, you'll be waiting a long time.
Dietrich Bonhoeffer once said there are three stages of growth when it comes to Christians engaging in the church. The first is disgust at the sins of others. The second is disgust at your own sin. On their own, those first two stages push us away from the church.
But the third stage is where we recognize that we can re-enter the church as an instrument in the hands of the Redeemer - a Redeemer who has, in fact, redeemed us from being the self-righteous Pharisee committed to judging everyone else.
Do not wait for the perfect church. It simply does not exist. And, if it did, the moment you joined it, it would not be perfect anymore. Instead, find a church with good biblical preaching, that emphasizes community and practices accountability, and that propels you into ministry. Then join in with everything you've got.